The Jews living in Jerusalem were just going through the motions in their worship when Malachi arrived on the scene. He addressed the Jews who had returned to their land after living in exile for 70 years. They had rebuilt the Temple and reestablished the worship of God. Externally, everything seemed okay. But inwardly a cancer of complacency ate away at their commitment. As God’s final spokesman prior to John the Baptist, Malachi arrived to challenge God’s people.